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Resources : Community Cohesion


Regulation, Codes of Practice, Guidance & Policy - Community Cohesion

Community cohesion impact assessment and community conflict prevention tool - DCLG, Feb 2008 This tool is designed to test if activities that practitioners are planning will have a positive impact on community cohesion and community conflict in their area. The Department for Communities and Local Government recommend that this tool be used when: deciding on an alteration to service, spend or allocation of local funds; embarking on a new project or introducing a new activity in an area; deciding what policies and activities to support; deciding how to engage with the public or media; and when planning community celebrations or sports activities. The document also offers website links which are helpful in each stage of using this tool.

Community Cohesion: Our responsibility
This briefing paper, produced by the Citizens’ Advice Bureau and the Commission for Racial Equality, summarises some of the recent initiatives implemented to help build cohesive communities. Published in September 2002.

Guidance on Community Cohesion
This guidance provides advice on ways to review existing policies and practices so that they help to build more cohesive communities. It suggests a range of actions that local authorities and their partners can take to support and facilitate this cohesion. Published by the Local Government Association in 2002.

Promoting Effective Citizenship and Community Empowerment - Feb 2006
This ODPM guide is targeted at local authorities, local partners and voluntary and community sector organisations wishing to help local people develop the knowledge, skills and sense of empowerment needed to play a meaningful role in local decision-making. It is packed with advice, examples of good practice and links to useful sources of information and is structured around six core challenges. The challenge of most relevance to housing organisations is around tailoring to the target audience. This challenge reflects the needs of different social groups, especially young, marginalized and under-represented people and the ‘silent majority’.

Shared Places: Community Cohesion Strategy - Housing Corporation, Oct 2007
Housing provides a key foundation for neighbourhoods and communities. This strategy sets out the Housing Corporation’s vision for achieving community cohesion.

Strong and Prosperous Communities - the Local Goverment White Paper - DCLG, October 2006 The Local Government White Paper has pinpointed housing as a central cause of conflict between different ethnic groups. The paper describes access to social housing as an ‘underlying driver of tensions’ and stated that moves to give tenants greater power to take over the running of estates were ‘essential’ for community cohesion. The paper proposes a number of measures to locally tackle extremism and encourage partnership between public and private sector organisations including housing organisations to foster community cohesion.

Sustainable Communities: People, Places and Prosperity, ODPM 2005
This is the 5 year strategy from the Office of the Deputy Prime Minister, launched in January 2005, aimed at promoting sustainable communities where people can gain access to decent and affordable homes in communities where they want to live and work. In addition, the strategy aims to give people the chance to develop their skills and interests, have access to jobs and excellent services and be able to engage in their community and make a difference.

The power of belonging: identity, citizenship, and community cohesion - Institute for Public Policy Research, Jan 2008 This report sets out a number of recommendations for how national and local government can act to promote a common sense of belonging and so aid community cohesion.


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Good Practice Guides - Community Cohesion

Old Ford - Best Practice Guide to Managing Community Cohesion. This Guide highlights the experience of Old Ford and other housing organisations in working with people to build community cohesion in a transparent and equitable way. Increasing understanding of how to do this for all people is vital in the creation of sustainable and cohesive communities; places where poeple want to live, work and play, and bring up their families in a safe and secure community where they know thier neighbours and feel at home. 

Cohesion Delivery Framework: Overview - Communities and Local Government, July 2008 This document contains advice to local cohesion practitioners to help them understand the concept of cohesion, map their local communities to identify possible cohesion issues and develop action plans to address those challenges; and it identifies other resources available to practitioners. The Framework suggests that community cohesion must span policy areas, with an impact on housing, regeneration and community safety. The Framework recommends that social housing providers are a useful source for local authorities wishing to gain information about the level of population churn and mobility, whether of new migrants or new residents (such as student populations).

Creating and Sustaining Mixed Income Communities: A Good Practice Guide - CIH & JRF, June 2006 This new toolkit aims to help associations develop successful mixed income communities. It identifies essential elements for success including a clear assessment of local needs and market conditions, a full range of housing types and sizes in an attractive environment and shared vision across all stakeholders.

Cultural Diversity In Britain: A Toolkit for Cross-cultural Co-operation - JRF Nov 2006
This research project explores the connections between cultural diversity, innovation and thriving and prosperous urban communities. The research also proposes new approaches and seeks to highlight examples of good practice.

Face to Face and Side by Side: A Framework for Partnership in our multi-faith society - Communities and Local Government, July 2008. This document sets out how faith communities, Government and wider society can work together, at all levels, to encourage and enable greater local activity which brings people with different religions and beliefs together. The framework draws on research and on the responses to a three-month public consultation and contains examples of effective practice, practical suggestions for communities and local authorities and links to further sources of support and guidance.

Guidance for local authorities on community cohesion contingency planning and tension monitoring - DCLG, May 2008
This document produced by the Department for Communities and Local Government sets out guidance for local authorities in producing a local community cohesion contingency plan. The Government believes that it is vital for every local authority and its partners to consider developing a local cohesion contingency plan which sets out the roles, responsibilities and processes to be activated should local community tensions be assessed as likely to result in serious violence or disturbance and in the event of actual disorder occurring.

Housing Associations as 'Community Anchors' - HACT, June 2006 This report argues that housing associations must establish themselves at the centre of voluntary action. HACT states that housing associations must become ‘community anchors’ and be the central hub in community activity if they are to be an integral part of the emerging Sustainable Communities Agenda. The report states that there are a range of opportunities open to associations to fulfil the ‘community anchor’ role, predominantly through resources such as ChangeUp and policies such as Neighbourhood Management, but also in highlighting the range of services associations provide in addition to housing.

The Bradford Community Guide: a guide to community and development projects - Joseph Rowntree Foundation, August 2008 The Bradford Community Guide is an online resource, listing community and development projects in the city. The Guide is part of the Joseph Rowntree Foundation’s ten-year programme of engagement in Bradford, working in partnership with statutory and third sector organisations. The Guide lists projects that fall under the headings of: culture; faith and cohesion; and impact of migration on communities. It features in-depth case studies of a wide range of projects from youth development, training and housing, to faith, regeneration and film and media. Case studies include the Holme Wood Development Project, based at a social housing estate in Bradford. This project aims to support existing work that is being done by the Holme Wood Community Council and St Christopher’s Church to help settle the newer communities and to find innovative ways of building relationships and easing tensions between the established and newer communities, focusing on young adults.


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Research - Community Cohesion

Community Engagement and Community Cohesion - Joseph Rowntree Foundation, June 2008 This study explores the challenges of bringing together the government’s agendas for community cohesion and for community engagement. In particular it examines ways of enabling new arrivals to become involved, promoting solidarity and cohesion rather than competition and conflict between newer and more established communities. Key points from the research include: The views of new arrivals, as well as those of established communities, need to be heard and resources allocated with visible fairness; Informal networks can be valuable as a way for local authorities to reach new arrivals, particular those that may be ‘harder to reach’, such as women or young people. The research recognises that traditional leaders are not always representative of communities’ views; Whilst recognising that different communities may share common barriers to participation, the diversity of new communities must also be acknowledged; Concerns about racism and prejudice were identified as barriers affecting engagement in structures of governance; Barriers are exacerbated by the fragmentation of governance structures; and Community engagement structures are required at all levels, not just the neighbourhood level.

Immigration, faith and cohesion - JRF, March 2008 This report published by the Joseph Rowntree Foundation, written by a team at the Centre on Migration, Policy and Society at Oxford University, sets out to discover what factors contribute to, or undermine community cohesion in three urban areas in England with large migrant and Muslim populations.

Immigration and social cohesion in the UK - JRF, July 2008.This research looks at six sites in the UK with different experiences of migration and post-industrial transformations and comprising different populations of long-term residents and new immigrants. Between them, they illustrate various contexts of social cohesion in England, Northern Ireland and Scotland. Key findings include:

Most people felt that social cohesion was about negotiating the right balance in expressing difference and unity in local areas, rather than expecting complete consensus on values and priorities;

The arrival of new immigrants could highlight the resilience of some communities, or the profound disconnections between people, groups and institutions in others;

The researchers conclude that the limited opportunities and multiple deprivations of the long-term settled population in parts of UK towns and cities undermine social cohesion. To ensure cohesion, the impact of social and economic changes needs to be addressed as well as how people relate to each other.

Improving Opportunity, Strengthening Society: One Year on - a progress report on the Government's strategy for Race Equality and Community Cohesion Improving Opportunity, Strengthening Society was the cross-government strategy launched in January 2005 to increase race equality and community cohesion. This report provides an insight into the work and activities undertaken over the last year towards achieving equality in the key public services; education, the labour market, housing, health and the criminal justice system. It also sets out progress in building community cohesion.

Public Spaces and Social Relations in East London - Joseph Rowntree Foundation, Aug 2006
This report draws on qualitative research in a multi-ethnic area of East London to look at how public spaces are experienced. The study examined the role of public spaces as social arenas, their potential for enabling social contact between different ethnic groups and enhancing individual well-being.


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